PHIL2606: Knowledge, Reason and Action
Final Essay


Do one of the following:

  1. Can someone know something that is false?
  2. Can someone know something that they don't believe?
  3. Is it possible to know something without knowing that you know it?
  4. I gave an argument that we use 'know' with the same meaning in 'John knows Mary', 'John knows that Mary likes to laugh', and 'John knows how to make Mary laugh'. What was my argument? What is the significance of this, if I am right? Criticize my argument.
  5. What is Nozick's account of knowing? Come up with a counterexample to his account. Then appeal to Closure to argue against his account.
  6. The conclusion of the BIV argument is that I do not know that I have hands. Convince me that I should just accept this conclusion.
  7. Putnam argues that we know that we are not BIVs. What is his argument? Criticize it.
  8. In response to the BIV argument, some people propose that 'know' in ambiguous between a weak and strong sense. How is this supposed to help? What do you think of this view?
  9. Is 'Mary knows that she has hands' context sensitive?
  10. Is memory a source of knowledge?


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